Measuring Long-Term Displacement Using Facebook Data

IDMC Global Report on Internal Displacement (GRID)

Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel approach for using aggregated and anonymized Facebook location data to measure displacement patterns in the weeks and months after disasters. This methodology has been developed through a collaboration between the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and Facebook as part of the Disaster Maps initiative. The displacement maps described here leverage Facebook location-history (LH) data. LH is an opt-in setting in the Facebook app, where people consent to sharing location data in order to enable location-based services (e.g., Nearby Friends, location-based ads) and social-good products like Disaster Maps. Individual-level LH data is sensitive, and misuse could compromise the privacy and safety of individuals and communities. In this paper we explain the privacy protection mechanisms we use in order to protect the safety of Facebook users. This paper will also explore the insights we have found in two specific crises: Cyclone Fani in India and Bangladesh and Typhoon Hagibis in Japan. For Japan we present insights we have obtained after fielding a survey to those that have been displaced by the typhoon. Last, we compare our data to estimates collected by IDMC and explore potential hypotheses that could explain why these estimates are different.

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