On the Dimensionality of Embeddings for Sparse Features and Data



In this note we discuss a common misconception, namely that embeddings are always used to reduce the dimensionality of the item space. We show that when we measure dimensionality in terms of information entropy then the embedding of sparse probability distributions, that can be used to represent sparse features or data, may or not reduce the dimensionality of the item space. However, the embeddings do provide a different and often more meaningful representation of the items for a particular task at hand. Also, we give upper bounds and more precise guidelines for choosing the embedding dimension.

Latest Publications

Boosted Dense Retriever

Patrick Lewis, Barlas Oğuz, Wenhan Xiong, Fabio Petroni, Wen-tau Yih, Sebastian Riedel

NAACL - 2022