Learning-based Initialization Strategy for Safety of Multi-Vehicle Systems

ACC

Abstract

Multi-vehicle collision avoidance is a highly crucial problem due to the soaring interests of introducing autonomous vehicles into the real world in recent years. The safety of these vehicles while they complete their objectives is of paramount importance. Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) reachability is a promising tool for guaranteeing safety for low-dimensional systems. However, due to its exponential complexity in computation time, no reachability-based methods have been able to guarantee safety for more than three vehicles successfully in unstructured scenarios. For systems with four or more vehicles, we can only empirically validate their safety performance. While reachability-based safety methods enjoy a flexible least-restrictive control strategy, it is challenging to reason about long-horizon trajectories online because safety at any given state is determined by looking up its safety value in a precomputed table that does not exhibit favorable properties that continuous functions have. This motivates the problem of improving the safety performance of unstructured multi-vehicle systems when safety cannot be guaranteed given any least-restrictive safety-aware collision avoidance algorithm while avoiding online trajectory optimization. In this paper, we propose a novel approach using supervised learning to enhance the safety of vehicles by proposing new initial states in very close neighborhood of the original initial states of vehicles. Our experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed approach and show that vehicles are able to get to their goals with better safety performance with our approach compared to a baseline approach in wide-ranging scenarios.

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